With their global capability and diverse array of sensors, research vessels are essential mobile observing platforms for ocean science. Data collected on every expedition are of high value, given the high costs and increasingly limited resources for ocean exploration. The Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program aims to develop comprehensive fleet-wide management of underway data to ensure preservation of and access to our national oceanographic research data resources.

R2R provides a gateway through which data are routinely cataloged and deposited in long-term archives, including the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) (for data) and Chronopolis
(for documents). Data are submitted to R2R by vessel operators rather than by individual science parties.

R2R will provide essential data documentation for each expedition, and tools to improve documentation of the wide array of shipboard data acquisition activities typical of modern expeditions. Protocols will be developed for post-cruise quality assessment of priority underway data types and feedback to operators. Quality assessment of meteorological data will be implemented in near-real-time in partnership with the SAMOS program.